By Terry M. Mays
In 1981 the association of African solidarity (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st local peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's challenge in Kuwait two decades previous. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined by way of smaller observer contingents from different OAU individuals so as to offer a buffer sector among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.
Mays opens his research through delivering an outline of the idea that of peacekeeping. numerous definitions are provided to aid distinguish among a few of the different types of peace operations. After studying the idea that hegemon, he seems to be on the methods nearby and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as overseas coverage instruments as they defend their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength in the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping undertaking in Chad. instead of being in simple terms humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation incorporated the elimination of French and later Libyan squaddies from a susceptible nation on its border. even though, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty on my own. France and the us have been instrumental in addition within the mandating and fielding procedure. French and American pursuits stemmed from hindrance over Libyan explanations in Chad. Nigeria stored the hassle to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus at the back of persuading the Chadian govt to simply accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the project; the us contributed by means of protecting France and Nigeria interested in a peacekeeping answer and aiding convince Zaire to hitch the undertaking.
Mays bargains the 1st finished exam of the OAU peacekeeping undertaking and stories the political and army association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an in depth number of assets, together with interviews with individuals, diplomats, and govt records, he provdies a close exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping choice for Chad. elements of good fortune in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU project, and he concludes by way of reviewing the influence of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping tendencies. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.
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Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982 by Terry M. Mays